Surviving Trouble In The Wilderness
Getting into the outdoors for camping or hiking is a great
way to experience nature and leave the everyday world behind. Some people will use established campgrounds,
often in national parks. Other
campgrounds are run by private individuals, and both of these types of
campgrounds generally have some conveniences available, such as a store,
laundry, showers, etc. However, a
segment of the campers prefer to get off the beaten path and find their own
campsites in more isolated spots. These
places are often far from services, and while offering more privacy and quiet,
can also present problems if something goes wrong far from help. However, if you have made the proper
preparations, you will be able to come through most unpleasant situations
Even experienced campers can become lost on a trip,
especially if it is in an unfamiliar location.
You might be trying to track down that elusive bird you hear singing or
running after your dog and suddenly find yourself lost. If you still have a backpack on, you will be
able to survive even if it takes you a day or so to get back to camp or out of
the area. Having ab emergency kit or the
means to purified water that you come upon, such as water purification tablets or
a purification straw will help prevent dehydration. A whistle should be in your pack, and this
will allow you to signal your location to searchers. A compass can help you find your way back to
camp if you have some idea the camp’s direction. If you camped near a stream, follow it back
to your campsite.
Most wild animals want nothing to do with you, and will
leave the area when a human approaches.
Some, however, will act with aggression – generally the carnivores like
bears and cougars. Watch out for signs
of a kill, such as a deer carcass covered with dirt and duff. Bears are very protective of their food and
will attack without warning if you approach their kill. Cougars often attack without warning from
cover. Even herbivores like deer can be
dangerous under certain circumstances.
While carrying a gun may be illegal where you are camping,
most states will allow you to carry pepper spray for self-defense against
animals. This spray will drive away even
a bear, and is much more effective than mace.
Carry it with you at all times, but make sure that if you must use it
that the wind is at your back, otherwise it could be blown back into your face.
Probably the most frequent injuries when hiking in the
wilderness will involve sprains or strains.
The uneven ground can easily twist an ankle while walking. A first aid kit should definitely be among
the items in your backpack, and if you have an elastic bandage in the kit, it
can be used to support the injury.
Minor scrapes and cuts, along with insect stings, can occur
easily while backpacking, so use the items in your first aid kit to treat
these. Carrying Celox or Quikclot can
help to deal with serious bleeding, and knowing how to splint broken limbs can
also come in handy.
Dealing With a Severe Injury In The Wilderness
Wild Animal Attacks