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Emergency Packing For An Earthquake

What is an earthquake? Deluxe Backpack Kit

An earthquake is the sudden movement of the earth's crust, created by the release of built-up stress that has accumulated along geologic faults in the earth. earthquakes can also be caused by movement of magma and other volcanic activity. There are geographical areas that are susceptible to earthquake activity due to their proximity to these faults, particularly in California.
 
Emergency Pack For Earthquake


Physical Properties: Fractures in the earth's crust in which sections of rock have slipped past each other are called faults. The release of energy is in the form of low-frequency sound waves called seismic waves. There are thousands of earthquakes occurring annually, but most are very weak and cannot be detected by human beings. They are, however, recorded by seismographs, which are instruments designed to detect the planet's vibrations and movements. The seismic focus is the point where the earthquake originates. Directly above it, on planet's surface, is the epicenter.

Three types of waves that accompany earthquakes:
•    Primary (P) waves have a "push/pull" vibration.
•    Secondary (S) waves have a "side-to-side" vibration.
•    Surface (L) waves, named after the nineteenth-century British mathematician A.E.H. Love, travel along the surface of the planet's surface, and cause the major damage in an earthquake.

Note: P and S waves travel deep into planet, and reflect off the surfaces of its various geologic layers. S waves are unable to penetrate the liquid outer core of the planet

The sum total of the energy released by an earthquake is measured on the Richter scale. The Richter scale is as follows: Each increase by a factor of one corresponds to a 10X increase in the strength of a quake. Those above a factor of seven on the Richter scale are considered to be severe earthquakes.

To survive an earthquake in one of these areas, you should acquaint yourself with the causes and preparedness in the event of an earthquake disaster. You cannot stop the earthquake from coming but you can understand and ACT!

Prepare your family before
•    Have an earthquake survival kit on hand.
•    All family members should know how to turn off gas, water, and electricity.
•    Plan family emergency procedures, and make plans for reuniting your family.
•    Know emergency telephone numbers (doctor, hospital, police, 911, etc)
•    Anchor heavy objects to walls (bookcases, wall units, mirrors, cabinets, etc.)
•    Never place heavy objects over beds, and keep heavy objects lower than head height of shortest member of family.

What types of containers are safe for storage? 25 person first aid kit
•    Food grade plastic or glass containers with tight fitting screw-on caps
•    2-liter soda bottles and other water or juice containers.
•    New plastic containers for water storage can be found in local stores.
•    Only purchase containers labeled for storage of food or beverages.
•    Containers not labeled for food or beverage storage could release harmful chemicals into the water.

Avoid

Containers that have held toxic substances, because trace amounts may remain in the container's pores

Containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles

Older glass jars may contains lead

Wash the containers and lids thoroughly with hot tap water and dish detergent then rinse thoroughly with hot tap water. You do not need to boil water before storing it.

How to treat the water for storage

To treat water for storage, use liquid household chlorine bleach that contains 5.25% available chlorine.

Do not use bleach with soaps or scents added. Add the unscented bleach to water, stir and allow it to stand for 30 minutes. Always use a sterile dropper. The treated water should have a slight chlorine odor. If it does not, then repeat the process.

4 drops of bleach per quart or liter of water
8 drops of bleach per 2 quart, 2 liter or ½ gallon of water
16 drops of bleach, ¼ teaspoon per gallon or 4 liters of water 

How long should I store the water and for how long?

Containers should be stored in a cool and dry place because containers can degrade over time due to heat and light. Hydrocarbon vapors can penetrate polyethylene plastics so store water in plastic containers away from gasoline, kerosene, pesticides, or comparable material.

A gallon of water weighs over 8 pounds so make sure the shelves or area in which you store the water is strong enough to support the weight.

For commercially bottled distilled or drinking water, check the label for an expiration date. If not, mot should have a shelf-life of at least one year.

Another way to store water is to place it in a container in the freezer. It will help to keep frozen foods safe until power is restored. Leave 2 to 3 inches of air space in the top of containers before freezing. This will keep the container from breaking as water expands during freezing. Do not use glass containers because they may break regardless of the air space that is allowed.

Purchase or put together a disaster kit: Disaster supplies should be purchased and stored in readily accessible locations at home, work, and in your motor vehicle. This can reduce the impact of an earthquake on you and your family.

How to put together an emergency pack

Items that you will need:
•    Backpack or storage crate
•    Bottled water
•    First aid kit
•    Cash
•    Flashlight
•    Matches/flint
•    Multi-purpose knife (Swiss Army Knife)
•    Sleeping bags or blankets
•    Non-perishable foods
•    Hand crank NOAA radio
•    Hand crank flashlight
•    Plates, cups and utensils

1.  Store enough food to feed your family for 72 hours or 3 days. Foods should be high in protein such as peanut butter or beans. Also store preserved fruits, energy bars and fruit juice. Avoid foods that will spoil quickly. Canned foods, preserved, dried or dehydrated foods can be stored. Be sure to pack a can opener.
2.    Store enough water for your family for 72 hours or 3 days. The average adult needs the minimum of two quarts. Store water purification tablets.
3.    Buy or make a first aid kit.
4.    Have some cash on hand in case your bank is not in operation.
5.    Include a hand crank flashlight or one with batteries in case the power goes out.
6.    Matches and flint in case you need to build a fire.
7.    Blankets, pillows and/or sleeping bags for each person in the family.
8.    Hand crank or battery powered NOAA radio to get up to date information.
9.    Multi-purpose knife that will be helpful in a variety of tasks.
10.    Plates, cups and utensils.

*Check and update the pack and replace expired foods, broken containers or batteries.
*Store the pack in an easy to reach location.

People with special needs should:
•    Create a support network.
•    Let the people closest to you know your plan.
•    Give one member of your support network a key to your house or apartment.
•    Contact your city or county government's emergency information management office. Many local offices keep lists of people with disabilities so they can be located quickly in a sudden emergency.
•    Wear medical alert tags or bracelets to help identify your disability.
•    If you are dependent on dialysis or other life sustaining treatment, know the location and availability of more than one facility.
•    Show others how to operate your wheelchair.
•    Know the size and weight of your wheelchair, in addition to whether or not it is collapsible, in case it has to be transported.