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Earthquakes And The Damage They Cause

Although for many years people believed the earth was like a shrinking baked apple, and all seismic activity was in the past, this is obviously not so. The crust of the earth, the top layer, is made up of plates that fit together something like a jigsaw puzzle.
Earthquakes And The Damage They Cause

These plates are in constant motion, rubbing and grinding against one another, and when the movement is large and sudden enough, an earthquake can occur. The boundaries between the plates are called fault planes, and when enough pressure has built up on the fault, the slippage of the earth will cause an earthquake. The interior sections of the plates, far from fault lines, are probably the safest areas, but even these places can feel mild quakes from time to time.
 
Earthquakes, Mountains, And Volcanoes

It is no coincidence that earthquakes will occur more in regions that are geologically active – the plates in these places are interacting in some way and will cause quakes and temblors. Old mountain ranges, such as the Appalachian Mountains are not subject to much activity, and quakes are rare near these mountains. It is newer mountain ranges like the Rockies and Cascades that will experience earthquakes. Areas where there is volcanic activity, where the hot magma from deep in the earth is pushing to the surface are also prone to earthquakes and the damage they cause. Make sure to always have an emergency kit in your car in case a disaster happens while you are on the road.

Damage Caused By Earthquakes

We are probably most acquainted with the immediate surface damage caused by earthquakes; it is easy to observe the knocked down homes and splits in the earth. Even if a home is not immediately destroyed, the damage caused by an earthquake can render it uninhabitable until repairs or done, and sometimes the home must be torn down anyway on account of massive damage. Water, gas, sewage, and electric lines can all be ruptured by the action of an earthquake, which will delay a return to a normal situation.

The shock waves from an earthquake can also cause tsunamis hundreds of miles across the ocean from the epicenter of the quake. Tsunamis can cause immense damage, depending on their size, and entire villages have been washed away by these destructive waves.
Roll And Go Emergency Kit

Landslides are another possibility when an earthquake occurs. The motion of the earthquake will cause the ground, in some cases, to actually ‘liquefy’ as it combines with ground water and slide downhill. Homes, trees, cars, and people can be swept along in these slides. Often, an unstable cliff face will collapse and cause a landslide, also. While driving, prepare anywhere you go by having a
car kit in your vehicle at all times. This should also include and emergency food supply a first aid kit and products that will help insure you have safe water to drink in case you get stranded. A great kit is a Roll and Go Survival Kit which includes everything from food to blankets and an emergency Radio with Flashlight.

Mudslides are another dangerous side effect of earthquakes. These will occur when the soil on a hillside is very wet, and the motion of the earthquake is enough to set the entire hillside in motion. There is little warning for a mudslide, and depending on the volume of the slide, homes and other buildings can easily be swept away and buried by the mud. Surprisingly, around twenty five people in the United States are killed by mudslides each year.