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Choking First Aid Instructions 2 Person 72 Hour Pack

Choking occurs when the airway is blocked by a foreign object. In adults, this is usually a piece of food, but for children, it could be a small object or toy. Applying first aid is critical for choking victims, as loss of oxygen can cause immediate and permanent brain damage.

Choking First Aid InstructionsTo make the universal sign for choking, clutch your hands to your throat. If the person does not make this single, you can recognize choking if they are unable to talk, unable to cough forcefully, have difficulty breathing or are breathing very noisily, or if their skin, lips and nails turn blue or dusky. Choking victims may also lose consciousness.

What You’ll Need for Choking First Aid:

CPR Mask

For conscious victims, administer the “five and five” first aid approach. This consists of delivering five back blows between the person’s shoulder blades using the heel of your hand. Follow this with five abdominal thrusts (i.e. the Heimlich maneuver). Repeat this, alternating between back blows and abdominal thrusts until the blockage is removed, or until the person loses consciousness.

To perform the Heimlich maneuver on another person, stand behind the person and wrap your arms around his or her waist. Tip the person forward slightly and make a fist with one hand. Place it just above the person’s navel and grasp your fist with the other hand. Press into the abdomen with a quick, upward thrust. Do so as if you were trying to lift the victim up. If the person is obese or pregnant, position your hand a bit higher, just beneath the breast bone.

If you are alone and begin to choke, you can perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself by placing a fist above your navel, grasping it with the other hand and bending over a hard surface, such as the back of a chair or a counter. Push your fist inward and upward to dislodge the object in your throat.

If the victim is unconscious, lower them gently to the ground on his or her back. Open their mouth and see if you can see the blockage in their airway. If so, reach a finger into the mouth and sweep it out. Make sure you don’t accidentally push it in further while doing this.

If the person does no resume breathing, administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Make sure however to always have a first aid kit readily available in case other accidents that require emergency care happen.

Smart Kit WWith First Aid Supplies
For choking infants, sit and hold the infant face down by resting it on your forearm. Thump the child gently, but firmly, on the middle of the back. Do this five times before flipping the baby over on its back. Place two fingers in the center of the infant’s breastbone and give five chest compressions. If the airway is opened, but breathing does not resume, administer infant CPR.

For children older than age 1, only perform abdominal thrusts.

Remember: if you are in the room with an unconscious or choking victim, begin administering first aid before calling 911. If you are with others, look someone in the eye and tell them specifically to call 911.