Biohazard Cleanup Laws
Biohazard cleanup laws are imposed by multiple agencies in order to protect the public’s health and safety. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is one of the agencies that set standards in biohazard cleanup laws. According to the OSHA standard CFR 29 1910.1030, “personnel associated with the biological clean up must be trained, immunized and properly equipped to do so”. Most states will license or permit a company through their local health departments. Cleanup companies have to abide by the biohazard cleanup laws in their jurisdiction.
Over the past 10 years the medical profession, Environment Protection Agency (EFP) and the National Institute of Decontamination Specialists (NIDS) have also developed procedures to assure the safety of workers and the public at large. The exposure to biological and chemical contaminants can pose serious health consequences. It is important to the safety and successful removal of biohazards that they are disposed of properly according to OSHA and other regulatory agencies.
There are Federal and State Laws and Regulations regarding transportation of some biohazards. The provider must have hazmat certification in order to handle such materials which may be incinerated and transported. There are a wide range of biohazard waste that include but not limited to liquids, solids and aerosols.
Regulations and biohazard clean up laws are set by several different programs that govern the public’s health and safety.
- EPA Environmental Protection Agency
- DOT Department of Transportation
- OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
- State and local regulations
Workers can be at risk of being exposed to blood borne pathogens such as Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS. The United States Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety & Health Administration has guidelines and standards that apply to blood borne pathogens and the clean up of the contaminated area. It is very important to pay close attention to the biohazard clean up laws. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), hepatitis B virus can survive for at least one week in dried blood. The virus may survive on environmental surfaces, contaminated needles and/or instruments.
Appropriate and approved disinfectants are determined by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA oversees the registration of anti-microbial products. A list of the most recent anti-microbials is produced by the Office of Pesticide Programs. Appropriate disinfectants are important because they need to be able to decontaminate point of contamination