When a blizzard or heavy powder is approaching, it’s a good idea to attach a safety rope between your house and any farm buildings you may need to visit during the storm. You can use the rope to easily find your way when the storm may result in poor visibility.
During a raging winter storm, stay indoors. If you must go out, dress accordingly. The outer layer of your clothes should be waterproof and wind stopping. Your jacket should have a hood. Wear mittens – they are warmer than gloves – and be sure to cover your head because a lot of your body heat can escape from your head, if left uncovered.
In open areas, visibility may be reduced to almost nothing during a blizzard or heavy powder and it’s very easy to get lost. Avoid walking to other buildings or farm dwellings unless you have attached a safety rope to guide you.
If you must travel during a storm, do so during the day and inform someone of your itinerary, route, and expected arrival time.
If you are caught in a blizzard or snowstorm, stay calm and don’t get out of your car. Let fresh air circulate into your car by slightly opening the windows on the side of the car that is sheltered from the wind. Turn on your engine for about ten minutes each half hour if the exhaust system is working. Beware of exhaust gases and periodically check that the exhaust pipe is not blocked. Remember, carbon monoxide is an odorless gas that can be fatal.
Exercise from time to time to enable circulation in your hands and feet. In general, it’s a good idea to constantly move in order to avoid falling asleep. If you are shoveling snow from around your car, be careful to not exhaust yourself. Take constant breaks.
Exhausting yourself in extremely cold weather can be fatal as it can cause heart attacks or sweats.
Stay alert and look out for other cars and rescue teams.
If you own a farm, put your animals in a shelter. Generally, if the shelter is a solid structure, place the animals inside. Once this is done, firmly secure all openings. Put your animals away before sheltering yourself and other family members. Ensure that the water you leave out for them doesn’t freeze. Many animals have died of thirst of the winter because although water was abundant, it froze and they were unable to drink it.