Over the past 10 years billions of dollars have been doled out to states in order to prepare themselves against biohazards and bioterrorism. Specific types of emergencies can include anthrax, smallpox, chemical emergencies, natural disasters and radiation emergencies. Each situation would include different types of biohazard equipment.
Most states along with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have begun to prepare by providing equipment that is stored in facilities around each state. There is also the Strategic National Stockpile that will be delivered during a public health emergency such as a terrorist attack, flu outbreak or other incident that forces local supplies to run out.
Biohazard equipment that will be delivered will depend on the incident. It is useful to keep what you can on hand in case there is a incident.
These items will help in the clean up of bodily fluid spills and reduce the spread of potential diseases.
The Environment Protection Agency (EFP) and the National Institute of Decontamination Specialists (NIDS) have developed procedures to assure the safety of workers and the public at large. The exposure to biological and chemical contaminants can pose serious health consequences. It is important to the safety and successful removal of biohazards that they are disposed of properly according to OSHA and other regulatory agencies using the appropriate biohazard equipment.
During a contamination incident the following Hazmat equipment may be used:
- Decon shower system
- Portable heating system
- Portable hot shower system
- Decon deck systems
- Collapsible decontamination booth
- Decon shower sponge
Anyone exposed to the contamination will be showered and may be asked to throw away their clothes. Portable shelters may be used to house people until the incident is over.
Biohazard equipment has changed in the past 10 years due to the threat of terrorism after 9-11. Many government agencies have encouraged states to prepare for the worse case scenario so that more lives can be protected.